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St. Lucia

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. It is also known as the "Helen of the West Indies" because it switched between British and French control so often it was likened to the mythical Helen of Troy.

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea

Saint Lucia is one of the Windward Islands, named for Saint Lucy of Syracuse. It was first visited by Europeans in about the year 1500 and first colonized successfully by France who signed a treaty with the native Carib peoples in 1660. Great Britain took control of the island from 1663 to 1667 then went to war with France over it fourteen times, and finally took complete control in 1814.

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea
The volcanic island of Saint Lucia is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimie, at 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island's most famous landmark. They are located between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that boasts a drive-in volcano. Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea
Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea
Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea
Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea

The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries, where about one third of the population lives. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort. The local climate is tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds, with a dry season from January to April and a rainy season from May to December.

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea
Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea The population of Saint Lucia is of mostly African descent (82.5% of the population). There is a significant Mixed minority representing 11.9%, and with a Indo-Caribbean or East Indian groups at 2.4% and the small European origin minority (descendants of French, British, and Irish colonists). Other or unspecified ethnicity accounts for 3.1%. There are small numbers of Lebanese, Syrians and Asians.

 

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The official language is English, but a creole language called Kwéyòlaka is spoken by 80% of the population. It evolved from French, Carib and elements of African languages. Saint Lucia is a member of La Francophonie.

St. Lucia boasts the highest ratio in the world for number of Nobel laureates produced with respect to the total population of the nation. Two winners have come from St. Lucia: Sir Arthur Lewis won the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel ("Nobel Prize in Economics") in 1979, and Derek Walcott received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992. Both were born on January 23rd, but in different years.

About 70% of the population is Roman Catholic. The rest are Seventh-day Adventists (7%), Pentecostalists (6%), Anglicans (2%), Evangelicals (2%) and Rastafari (2%).[1]



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