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CARIBBEAN TRUST-Caribbean Mitigation
Vulnerability is the exposure of people, their work, and
environment to the effects of a Hazard.
To determine Vulnerability, we have to identify the buildings,
agricultural areas, Roads, Bridges, Transport, Pipelines, Electrical line,
etc. and their location in high-risk areas.
It is also prudent to know the location and state of access
routes to the community and identify alterative routes. We have to know
where people are exposed to danger and identify their personal vulnerability,
Newborns and Babies;
• Single parent households;
• Health - Impaired;
This necessitates the preparation of a data base of human
and material resources, their state of readiness, location and availability.
INVENTORY AND LOCATION
Physical Spaces and Safe Facilities:
These include Green areas, parking lots, community centres
that could function as meeting places or temporary shelters in the event
of an emergency.
Dividing the community and designating these Safe Facilities in advance
can go a long way towards providing a holistic psychological security
to the community. People are less likely to panic if they know where they
can go to get help.
This includes identifying private and public transportation
that can be used in the event of an emergency.
Basic Medical and First Aid Equipment
This necessitates the identification and/or training,
of teams skilled in delivery of basic Triage and First Aid and the stock
piling of a fundamental and well-stocked first aid kit.
This can be a community sponsored venture and contributions should be
made by all community residents. Supplies should be inventoried, inspected
Rescue and Protection Equipment
Electric Energy Systems
These and other sources of Energy supply should be identified
These include pipelines, hydrants, wells, springs, and
other sources of water supply.
Sewerage Water Disposal
Identify alternative their disposal.
Any other resource that exists in the community that could
be useful in the event of an emergency should be compiled in an information
database and hard-copied to teams members. This inventory of community
resources informs the knowledge needed for an immediate and rapid response
to an emergency situation. It allows also a measurement of the existing
level of organization at the community level, and identifies needs in
significant areas such as preparedness, education, and additional information
required by the community to make informed decisions on mitigation through
a precise action plan.
Database of Community Information
This should include:
Community Emergency team Primary and Secondary
Names, Addresses, and contact numbers of key persons in institutions that
respond in the event of an emergency;
Organizational lists of groups in community and other similar organizations;
This map identifies the community’s physical resources,
along with areas of weakness along with precise locations of incipient
hazards. It will also help to identify physical areas where mitigation
logistics may need to be applied beforehand.
Maps should identity:
• Utilities service providers ( ie electrical plants, LPG storage
• Buildings and structures of note (ie: bridges, retaining walls,
• Areas of weakness;
• Vulnerable community areas (ie. Nurseries, residential geriatric
• Water courses and alternative resources;
• Emergency resources;
• previous hazard impact areas should also be noted and dated.
'Extracts from Community Emergency Plan' CDERA