Child Awareness Day Dominica child awareness day Guyana child awareness day Haiti child awareness day Suriname child awareness day Tanzania child awareness day Malawi child awareness day
  home >> imagine me...

Permission requested to use information from www.paho.org

SPECIFIC HEALTH PROBLEMS IN DOMINICA

Analysis by population group:

Children (0-4 years): Neonatal health services at the main hospital are limited to basic secondary care; tertiary care is not available on the island. More than 99% of all births are assisted by a trained health care professional. From 1996-1999, 58 perinatal deaths occurred, 35 from slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition. Of the 95 infant deaths 1996-1999, 59% were early neonatal deaths with prematurity the underlying cause in 64% of these. In 1996-1999, 16 deaths occurred in the 1-4 age group, 25% from congenital abnormalities. The immunization program routinely offers DPT, Polio, BCG, MMR . In 1997, coverage with DPT and polio reached 92 and 97%, respectively. No cases of vaccine preventable diseases were reported during 1997-2000. Normal growth is reported for 89.8 percent of children in that age group, but 9.2% were obese 1997-2000. In 1999, 10% of newborns had low birthweight. In 1999, 103 cases of gastroenteritis were reported. Diarrheal diseases caused 2 deaths in 1997, one in 1998 and none in 1999. Only one death in 1999 was recorded from acute respiratory infections.

Schoolchildren (5-9 years): At age 5 all school entrants are screened in the school health program for vision, hearing, anemia, growth and development and general physical health. In 1996-1999, 14 deaths in 5-9 years olds occurred -- 11 were males; 5 were accidental, 3 from motor vehicle accidents and one, homicide.

Adolescences (10-14, 15-19 years): Adolescents represented 22% of the population in 1999; 3% were illiterate. Health risks are alcohol use, other substance abuse, STIs including HIV, violence, accidents and underemployment. During 1996-1998, 78 cases of suicide and attempted suicide were reported -- more than half ( 53%) in adolescents under 18 years. Suicide accounted for 3 deaths. During 1996-1999, 66 deaths were recorded in this age group. The leading causes of death were transport accidents, injury due to violence, other accidents, and epilepsy.

Indigenous Population: In 2000, the Carib Affairs department was established for community development and poverty alleviation. Changes in the socio-economic conditions and increased access to health and education have improved the health status of the Caribs. In 1999, the following health concerns were identified - lack of potable water, solid waste disposal, violence, drug abuse including alcoholism, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections, and helminthiasis. The Carib Territory is served by two health centres.

www.paho.org

Imagine me... Healthy Educated Loved Protected
     
Copyright ©  2017 www.UnitedCaribbean.com. All rights reserved. Disclaimer Click to Contact us