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Ethiopia -

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EthiopiaEthiopia is 435,071 sq miles and is located in the eastern-most part of the African in the region known as the Horn of Africa. Bordering Ethiopia is Somalia to the east, Sudan to the west and Kenya to the south.

Within Ethiopia is a massive mountain range divided by the Great Rift Valley which runs generally northeast to southwest and is surrounded by lowlands

Ethiopia has a great diversity of terrains which results in wide variations in climate, natural vegetation and peoples.

Ethiopia's population has grown from 33.5 million in 1983 to 75.1 million in 2006.[81] The country's population is highly diverse. Most of its people speak a Semitic or Cushitic language. The Oromo, Amhara, and Tigray make up more than three-quarters of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members.

Education in Ethiopia has been dominated by the Orthodox Church for many centuries until secular education was adopted in the early 1900s. The elites, mostly Christians and central ethnic Amhara population, had the most privilege until 1974, when the government tried to reach the rural areas. In fact, until right now, it is only the elite Christians who have better chance to higher education. Languages other than Amharic are supressed. Oromo, for example wasn't allowed in the educational institutions. The current system follows very similar school expansion schemes to the rural areas as the previous 1980s system with an addition of deeper regionalisation giving rural education in their own languages starting at the elementary level and with more budget allocated to the Education Sector. The sequence of general education in Ethiopia is six years of primary school, four years of lower secondary school and two years of higher secondary school.[95]

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