Meet the Haitian team:
Haiti: Pastor Pierre Bannes of World Missionary
Evangelical Church, Les Cayes, Haiti. Founder and President
of "15 Minutes en Sentinelle Ministry of prayer in
more than 30 countries with 7800 members. National Director
of Evangelism Explosion Regional Coordinator for Dynamic
Church Planting International (DCPI)
Barbados:Jenny Tryhane, founder
and Chairman of United Caribbean Trust has been a friend of
the children for many years as we launched the Make
Jesus Smile shoebox project.
A great BIG thank to the children of Barbados
who have supported us in our shoebox project.
Thanks to the many volunteers that donated their valued time
to enable us meet the deadline and get the container to Haiti.
Special Treasures Foundation (STF)
We aim to:
1. Meeting the Spiritual and physical needs of children in Haiti
starting in the Les Cayes area..
2. To fight and eradicate poverty from the marginalized and disadvantaged
children and their families through establishment of micro and macro
income generating activities.
3. To guard, protect and advocate for any fundamental rights of
children through legal and other means in order to fight marginalization
4. To train youth in animal husbandry and agricultural enterprise.
5.To strengthen and improve the quality of life, of children and
attain economic self reliance through sustainability initiatives
and vocational training.
6. To act as a forum, drawing together and uniting other children’s
programmes in Haiti, so that they can adopt common strategies and
act collectively on matters of mutual concern
7. To liaise and dialogue with National and International organizations,
in order to develop and improve on matters pertaining community
development, welfare of children and relief
The strategies include the following:
1. Train the youth in income generative activities including animal
husbandry and agriculture by introducing a two Moringa (Benzoliv)
Benzoliv Church Project
Benzoliv School Project
2. Community mobilization and sensitization of the people to actively
participate in the various projects. In particular to encourage
farmers to voluntarily form small farmer groups/associations and
societies based on the interest they themselves have in each enterprise
including the Moringa
pilot project. By establishing Moringa and Fruit Nurseries in
St Marc and Les Cayes.
4. Train farmers to acquire more efficient management skills in
agricultural production, harvesting, storage, processing and marketing.
5. Providing improved varieties of planting materials and breeds
of animals that are quick maturing and high yielding under average
systems of management.
6. Help farmers to objectively focus on the needs of the family
and the demands of the market and promote high value market-oriented
crops and animals.
7. Improve the organizational, managerial, and financial capacities
of local groups so as to effectively compete in local and regional
Special Treasures Foundation proposes in the future to start large
scale commercial Aquaponics project. We have undertaken to examine
the financial, economic and social implications and requirements
to fulfill this venture.
For any enterprise to succeed, proper and efficient management
is essential in order to realize good returns on investment. Fish
farming is a very labour-intensive enterprise. For maximum production,
efficient labour is required on daily basis. Therefore close supervision
is necessary. Feeding, watering, cleaning and sanitation, observation
of diseases and disorders, collection of products for market and
arranging an efficient system of sales must be well coordinated
by a qualified manager.. Integrated fish farming is attractive to
small-scale farmers under pressure to produce higher-value crops,
as well as to communities seeking to augment food production and
income. With this in mind a small scale chicken and pig farm will
be integrated into the Aquaponics program.
This Sustainable Haitian Integrated Food Training Program (SHIFT)
will be an example to teach the people within the community including
the children in the orphanage about improved food security and improved
nutrition. Successful farms have more than one enterprise. We will
be encouraging a mixed farming enterprise to improve cash flow and
reduce financial and business risk. The entire operation will be
a model of ecologically sustainable agriculture. We will endeavor
to grow crops organically using only natural fertilizer from the
chicken and pig farm. Reclaimed water is used whenever possible.
We want our SHIFT Project to be ecologically friendly and sustainable.
Target Population: Les Cayes in the south west peninsula of Haiti.
It is also an exceptional place for fishing.
Below is a list of various projects included in this Pilot Project:
Aquaponics is a technology that combines aquaculture
(fish farming) with hydroponics (growing plants without soil).
1. Fish farms have a problem with waste disposal because the fish
constantly excrete ammonia into the water. Ammonia is an irritating
chemical that most of us associate with window cleaners. The usual
way to remove ammonia from water is to filter or discard the wastewater
periodically to prevent the toxic waste products from building up
and killing the fish. However in Haiti, filters are expensive and
water is often a precious resource.
2. Hydroponics requires farmers to purchase expensive fertilizer
which is a challenge in Haiti.
In an aquaponics system both of these problems are solved. The
water is treated with beneficial bacteria that constantly converts
the toxic ammonia into a natural plant fertilizer. The water is
then circulated between plant growing beds and the fish tanks. This
allows the fish to provide food for plants and the plants to purify
water for the fish tanks. This creates a natural ecosystem where
both plants and fish thrive.
Aquaponics is an innovative solution to the fish farmer's need
to dispose of fish waste and the hydroponic grower's need for nutrient-rich
water. Research has demonstrated that this technology can increase
crop yields by 10 - 45 fold when compared to traditional soil planting
and it uses only 10% of the water needed for traditional soil agriculture,
Although the practices of fish farming and soil-less plant culture
have been traced to ancient times, the combination of the two is
quite new and we believe can solve the problems associated with
normal fish farming.
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient
solutions, in water, without soil.
Some of the reasons why hydroponics is being adapted around the
world for food production are the following:
- No soil is needed
- The water stays in the system and can be reused - thus, lower
- It is possible to control the nutrition levels in their entirety
- thus, lower nutrition costs
- No nutrition pollution is released into the environment because
of the controlled system
- Stable and high yields
- Pests and diseases are easier to get rid of than in soil
The Fish Farm in conjunction with poultry farming.
Long term UCT plans to establish a large production plant the droppings
of birds from a 500 Poultry Layer Project can be utilized to fertilize
the pond. Poultry litter recycled into fish pond produces 4,500
– 5,000kg fish per hectare pond per year. The poultry litter
is applied to the pond in daily doses of a rate of 40 – 50
kg per hectare. The application of litter may be deferred during
the days when algai blooms appear in the pond.
A small layers pen will be built next to the Pilot Aquaponics project
housing just 15 birds. This will be used to provide eggs for the
family in charge of the project and the surrounding neighbours.
Three 800 gal tanks will be used in this Pilot project providing
480 fish for the local orphanages and feeding programmes.
The Holy Seed Poultry Project will benefit the staff and
children within the Les Cayes Mission house base and orphanage
but eventually UCT seeks to obtain funding to establish
a much larger Poultry Project to compliment our PowerPlay
Child Care Centre. It will also benefit individual youth
through acquisition of skills in animal husbandry and farming,
Managerial, Marketing, Sales and Accounting skills. It will also
act as a demonstration project for the youth in the Les Cayes district
where UCT hopes to start a PowerPlay Chid Care Pilot Project in
the near future including a Poultry Project. The organic manure
will also fuel the BioGas production plants that will be housed
close to the project as well as service the fish farm Aquaculture.
Production of Guinea corn
Guinea corn a grass species cultivated for its edible grain.
The species can grow in arid soils and withstand prolonged
droughts .Guinea corn is one of a number of grains used
as wheat substitutes in gluten-free recipes and products
and is an excellent food for the poultry and piggery project.
Production of Cassava
Cassava is a highly productive tropical crop that is traditionally
cultivated to produce roots for human consumption or industrial
extraction of starch. The leaves are a by-product from this
operation and can be sun-dried prior to using them as a source
of protein and vitamins in pig and poultry diets.
Cassava can also be cultivated in a combined forage / root system
with two or more harvests of the foliage prior to letting the roots
develop to maturity. More recently, efforts have been concentrated
on managing it as a perennial forage crop with repeated harvesting
at 2 to 3 month. In this system, the roots are not harvested, but
serve as a nutrient reserve to support the forage re-growth.
In the Dominican Republic, research compared the fresh foliage
of cassava with that from sweet potato, as the only source of protein
and fibre in a liquid diet of molasses-urea for fattening pigs and
cattle. Growth rates on the cassava foliage treatment were over
800 g day/day and were not improved when 400 g/day of additional
soya bean meal was given.
By contrast, growth rates on the sweet potato treatment were significantly
less than on cassava and were significantly improved when soya bean
meal was given. It was concluded that the cassava foliage was a
better source of "bypass" protein than sweet potato foliage.
Cassava foliage has been made into “hay” in places like
Thailand and used successfully as a source of bypass protein for
Production of Agro Forestry
Deforestation in Haiti is a severe environmental problem. In 1923,
over 60% of Haiti's land was forested; by 2006, less than 2% was.
The most direct effect of deforestation is soil erosion. An estimated
15,000 acres (61 km2) of topsoil are washed away each year, with
erosion also damaging other productive infrastructure such as dams,
irrigation systems, roads, and coastal marine ecosystems. Soil erosion
also lowers the productivity of the land, worsens droughts, and
eventually leads to desertification, all of which increase the pressure
on the remaining land and trees.
Production of Mulberry trees
UCT Haiti is committed to helping in every way with reforesting
Haiti and a great way is to introduce tree planting into
our Poultry projects. Mulberries are regarded as a health
tonic and the Chinese uses the leave for tea and the berries
as syrup. Known to protect many known diseases, and used
as a traditional medicine, mulberry fruits are now becoming
very popular outside of China.
The utilisation of Moriculture,
the cultivation of mulberry trees to reclaim arid land and prevent
slippage, has been well documented over the centuries. Moriculture
has been used to promote afforestation and thereby erosion control
in damaged or arid areas. Slope reclamation solutions abound with
the use of mulberry which has a positive impact on the natural resource
Historically, silk has formed the sustainable basis of the grassroots
economy of the People's Republic of China for over 5,000 years.
Regionally sericulture was
also practiced in Trinidad until Methane technology took precedence.
Sericulture is also practiced on a very small scale in Guyana while
peace silk is reared in the Dominican Republic by an Origon based
cooperative. Barbados joined 200 plus years ago. This tactile textile
which has financed wars and influenced peace, provides a baseline
for an international high standard of living, is regarded as an
excellent alternative to agro-sustainability and provides jobs and
quality lifestyle enhancements. UCT is looking to work in association
with Mulburry Patch Inc to introduce sericulture into Haiti as part
of our Gender Initiative.
Moringa tree has great use medicinally both as
preventative and treatment. The Moringa or Miracle tree prevents
300 diseases. One area in which there has been significant
scientific research is the reported antibiotic activity of
this tree. The leaves contain all essential amino acids and
are rich in protein, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C and minerals.
The immature pods are the most valued and widely used of all the
tree parts. The pods are extremely nutritious, containing all the
essential amino acids along with many vitamins and other nutrients.
The immature pod can be eaten raw or prepared like green peas or
green beans, while the mature pods are usually fried and possess
a peanut-like flavor. The pods also yield 38 - 40% of non-drying,
edible oil known as Ben Oil. This oil is clear, sweet and odorless,
and never becomes rancid. Overall, its nutritional value most closely
resembles olive oil. The thickened root is used as a substitute
for horseradish although this is now discouraged as it contains
alkaloids, especially moriginine, and a bacteriocide, spirochin,
both of which can prove fatal following ingestion. The leavesare
eaten as greens, in salads, in vegetable curries, as pickles and
for seasoning. They can be pounded up and used for scrubbing utensils
and for cleaning walls. Leaves and young branches are relished by
livestock. In developing tropical countries, Moringa trees have
been used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing
mothers. Three non-governmental organizations in particular - Trees
for Life, Church World Service and Educational Concerns for Hunger
Organization - advocate Moringa as “natural nutrition for
the tropics.” Leaves can be eaten fresh, cooked, or stored
as dried powder for many months without refrigeration, and without
loss of nutritional value. Moringa is especially promising as a
food source in the tropics because the tree is in full leaf at the
end of the dry season when other foods are typically scarce. Analyses
of the leaf composition have revealed them to have significant quantities
of vitamins A, B and C, calcium, iron and protein. According to
Optima of Africa, Ltd., a group that has been working with the tree
in Tanzania, "25 grams daily of Moringa Leaf Powder will give
a child" the following recommended daily allowances:
Vitamin A 272%,
Vitamin C 22%.
These numbers are particularly astounding; considering this nutrition
is available when other food sources may be scarce. Scientific research
confirms that these humble leaves are a powerhouse of nutritional
value. Gram for gram, Moringa leaves contain: SEVEN times the vitamin
C in oranges, FOUR times the Calcium in milk, FOUR times the vitamin
A in carrots, TWO times the protein in milk and THREE times the
Potassium in bananas.