hope child care centre >>goat program
Hope Child Care Centre - Uganda goat program
As a poverty alleviation intervention
in Uganda focusing on reducing child malnutrition within our
orphanage the Hope Child Care Centre and supporting families
within the community negatively affected by diseases such
as HIV / AIDS, United Caribbean Trust is looking to implement
a dairy goat program
Goat breeds: The most recognized diary breeds in
Uganda are the Anglo-Nubian of North Africa and the Swiss namely
the Alpine, Saanen and Toggenburg.
Milk production: output is about
2 - 3 litres per goat per day.
Reproduction cycle: The first mating
for females should be at about 8 months old. Gestation takes 145
to 155 days but averages 150 days. A doe will be served while lactating
so subsequent kidding should be every 8 months.
Feeding: Goats consume grasses,
fodder trees, legumes and kitchen scraps.
- Balance the diets: enough proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals
- Let them browse for eight hours a day in good pastures to ensure
that they consume enough food. Provide enough feeds in stalls for
those on zero grazing
The most nutritious grasses include: Chloris Gayana,
Panicum, napier (elephant grass), potato vines, sweet potatoe slips,
Congo Signal grass for body maintenance.
Feed them on proteins for optimum growth and milk production. The
best protein sources are:
Leaves, young pods and small
branches from the
Moringa tree can be fed to the goats to increase their
Leaves from Calliandra can
be added to subsidize the goats dietary requirements.
Water is a very important nutrient especially for
milk production. It should be sufficient and clean.
Give them mineral salts for developing strong bones
and teeth, providing good appetite and thus weight gain, and improving
the hair coat. The most important minerals are calcium, phosphorous
Vitamins can normally be obtained from green feeds
as the goats browse especially if Moringa is added as a supplement.
Routine treatment involves:
(a) Deworming (worms and flukes) every 3 to four 4 months depending
on the prevalence of the parasites. Kids might need monthly deworming
until they are about 4 months old
(b) Spraying for lice, mites, ticks, etc. the interval depends on
the prevalence of the parasites and the type of acaricide used.
Be strict on controlling ticks – they cause Heartwater disease.
It can be treated with oxytetracycline Hi-tet but if not detected
and no treatment is given within about 3 days the goat will not
Shelter (pen / stall)
A pregnant doe needs at least 1.92 square meters of space while
a dry one needs 1.5 square meters. 0.3 square meters is enough for
Floors of stalls should be about 1 meter above the ground to allow
a person to clean under there.
Good ventilation is a must to minimize/prevent spreading of diseases
and particularly ammonia gas from urine which chocks terribly.
Goats do not like to get wet and especially their feed so cover
Below are some links to some excellent websites
of goats in Africa:
Information on African goats: