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Nigeria, officially named the Federal Republic
of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising
thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory.
|The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders
with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in
the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast lies on the Gulf
of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south. The capital
city is Abuja.
The people of Nigeria have an extensive history, and archaeological
evidence shows that human habitation of the area dates back to at
least 9000 BC. The Benue-Cross River area is thought to be the original
homeland of the Bantu migrants who spread across most of central
and southern Africa in waves between the 1st millennium BC and the
2nd millennium AD.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and
the eighth most populous country in the world with a population
of over 140 million. It is a regional power and it is also listed
among the "Next Eleven" economies. The economy of Nigeria
is one of the fastest growing in the world with the International
Monetary Fund projecting a growth of 9% in 2008 and 8.3% in 2009.