| It consists of six equal horizontal
bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a
white disc is superimposed at the centre and depicts the national
symbol, a Grey Crowned Crane, facing the hoist side.
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The Coat of Arms of Uganda is centered on a shield and spears on a
The shield and spears represent the willingness of the Ugandan
people to defend their country. There are three images on
the shield: those on top represent the waves of Lake Victoria;
the sun in the centre represents the many days of brilliant
sunshine Uganda enjoys; and the traditional drum at the bottom
is symbolic of dancing, and the summoning people to meetings
The shield is flanked on the right by a Crested
Crane (Balearica regulorum gibbericeps), a subspecies of the Grey-crowned
Crane and the national bird of Uganda. On the left is the Ugandan
Kob (Kobus kob thomasi), a species of Kob that here represents abundant
The shield stands on a green mound, representing
fertile land, and directly above a representation of the River Nile.
Two main cash crops, coffee and cotton, flank the river. At the
bottom is the national motto: "For God and My Country".
has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular
rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture
is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80%
of the work force, with coffee accounting for the bulk of export
revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign
countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate
an economy decimated during the regime of Idi Amin and subsequent
Uganda is home to many different ethnic groups,
none of whom form a majority of the population. Around forty different
languages are regularly and currently in use in the country. English
became the official language of Uganda after independence.
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