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Permission requested to use information from http://www.cccturtle.org/hawksbill.htm
Name: Hawksbill - named because its narrow head and large beak make it
look like a hawk.
Scientific Name: Eretmochelys imbricata.
U.S. - Listed as Endangered (in danger of extinction within the foreseeable
future) under the U.S. Federal Endangered Species Act.
International - Listed as Critically Endangered (facing an extremely high
risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future) by the International
Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Most tropical of all sea turtles. Tropical and subtropical waters of the
Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Size: 30 to 36 inches in carapace length (76-91 cm).
Weight: 100 - 150 pounds (40-60 kg).
Head is narrow and has 2 pairs of prefrontal scales (scales in front of
its eyes). Jaw is hawk-like and not serrated. Carapace is bony without
ridges and has large, over-lapping scutes (scales) present and has 4 lateral
scutes. Carapace is eliptical in shape. Flippers have 2 claws. The carapace
is orange, brown or yellow and hatchlings are mostly brown with pale blotches
Typically found around coastal reefs, rocky areas, estuaries and lagoons.
Diet: The hawksbill's narrow head and jaws shaped like
a beak allow it to get food from crevices in coral reefs. They eat sponges,
anemones, squid and shrimp.
Nest at intervals of 2, 3, or more years. Nests between 2 to 4 times per
season. Lays an average 160 eggs in each nest. Eggs incubate for about
Population Estimate*: 8,000 nesting females.
* Please understand that world wide population numbers for sea turtle
species do not exist and that these are estimates of the number of nesting
females based on nesting beach monitoring reports and publications from
the early to mid 1990s.