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Kenya officially the Republic
of Kenya, is a country in East Africa. Lying along the Indian
Ocean to its southeast and at the equator, it is bordered
by Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan
to the northwest, Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the south.
Lake Victoria is situated to the southwest, and is shared
with Uganda and Tanzania.
With its capital city in Nairobi,
Kenya has numerous wildlife reserves containing thousands
of animal species. It has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a
population of nearly 39 million residents, representing many
different peoples and cultures. The country is named after
Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and second among Africa's
highest mountain peaks.
Kenya is a country of 47 counties each with its own government semi-autonomous
to the central government in the capital, Nairobi. The country's
geography is as diverse as its people. It has a long coastline along
the Indian Ocean and as you advance inland the landscape changes
to savannah grasslands, arid and semi-arid bushes. The central regions
and the western parts have forests and mountains while the northern
regions are near desert landscapes.
Archaeological research indicates modern man first
appeared in Kenya and as a result, the country with its East African
neighbours is almost certainly considered the cradle of mankind.
Because of the varied geography and weather, people performing varied
economic activities and thus developing varied cultures have been
living in Kenya since the dawn of mankind. The first and successful
attempt to merge these diverse and rich cultures under a nation
was done by the arrival of Europeans around 19th century. Initially,
peoples of then Kenya interacted through trade, intermarriages and
frequent wars though each remained politically independent of the
A major African nation, Kenya is classified as a
developing and sometimes an emerging African nation. Its economy
is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa and Kenya's capital,
Nairobi is a major commercial hub. The country traditionally produces
world renowned tea and coffee. Recently, it has developed a formidable
horticultural industry thereby becoming a major exporter of fresh
flowers to Europe. The service industry is driven by the telecommunications
sector which is one of the most successful and innovative in Africa.
Kenya is also a major and world-renowned athletics powerhouse producing
such world champions as Paul Tergat and most recently David Rudisha.