The United Republic of Tanzania is a country
in central East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the
north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the
Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the
south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.
Tanzania is the
biggest (land area) of the East Africa countries It has a
spectacular landscape of mainly three physiographic regions
namely the Islands and the coastal plains to the east; the
highlands and the inland saucer-shaped plateau. The Great
Rift Valley that runs from north east of Africa through central
Tanzania is another landmark that adds to the scenic view
of the country
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Tanzania has a
tropical climate. In the highlands, temperatures range between
100c and 200c.during cold and hot seasons respectively. The
rest of the country has temperatures never falling lower than
200c. The hottest period spreads between November and February
(250c - 310c) while the coldest period occurs between May
and August (150c - 200c).
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Two rainfall regimes
exist over Tanzania. To the north rain falls in December -
April in southern, south-west, central and western parts of
the country the March - May rains are referred to as the long
rains or Masika, whereas the October - December rains are
generally known as short rains or Vuli.