Sheep and Goats It could be recommended that Moringa can help small and medium-scale
farmers overcome shortages of good quality feeds and therefore sustain
and improve their livestock productivity, and the Agroforestry can
be adopted as strategic nutrition supplementation as many tree leaves,
flowers and pods are identified as useful for improving milk production,
milk fat, body condition and for the induction of estrus. In situations,
where the available grazing is not generally sufficient to meet
the maintenance requirements of animals, at least for part of the
year, trees can alleviate the feed shortages or even fill up the
feed gaps especially in the summer period when grassland growth
is limited or dormant, due to unfavorable weather conditions.
Moringa leaves are readily eaten by cattle, sheep, goats, pigs
and rabbits. Branches are occasionally lopped for feeding cattle.
The residents cut back the main stem to encourage side shoots which
they use for livestock feeding. Leaves can also be used for fish.
BIOMASA conducted extensive trials using Moringa leaves
as cattle feed (beef and milk cows), swine feed, and poultry
With moringa leaves constituting 50% of feed, milk yields
for dairy cows and daily weight gains for beef cattle increased
30%. Birth weight, averaging 22 kg for local Jersey cattle,
increased by 3-5 kg.
The high protein content of Moringa leaves must be balanced with
other energy food. Cattle feed consisting of 50% Moringa leaves
should be mixed with molasses, sugar cane, sweet (young) sorghum
plants, or whatever else is locally available.
Care must be taken to avoid excessive protein intake. Too much
protein in pig feed will increase muscle development at the expense
of fat production. In cattle feed, too much protein can be fatal
(from alteration of the nitrogen cycle).
Cattle were fed 15-17 kg of Moringa daily. Milking should be done
at least three hours after feeding to avoid the grassy taste of
Moringa in the milk.
With Moringa feed, milk production was 10 liters/day.
Without Moringa feed, milk production was 7 liters/day.
With moringa feed, daily weight gain of beef cattle was 1,200 grams/day.
Without Moringa feed, daily weight gain of beef cattle was 900 grams/day.
The higher birth weight (3-5 kg) can be problematic for small cattle.
It may be advisable to induce birth 10 days prematurely to avoid
problems. Incidence of twin births also increased dramatically with
moringa feed: 3 per 20 births as opposed to the usual average of
Information sourced from www.nairaland.com
In addition Mulberry trees that
can be grown under varied climatic condition, including fallow and
wastelands not fit for agriculture can be used, totally or partly,
for producing nutritious green fodder. Feeding mulberry as part
of the daily ration of cows, improved the quality and quantity of
milk and reduced calving intervals.
Fattening pigs on 50% Moringa stems and leaves, 10% Leucaena,
38% maize and 2% nutrient salts will lead to good growth
rates and significant cost savings
Mulberry leaves and fruit
can also be added to the pig diet by as much as 24% resulting
in additional savings.
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) could be used to improve
daily weight gain, and dry matter (DM) and crude protein
(CP) digestibility of rabbits.
• Producing similar economic benefits as soya bean
meal (SBM) diet.
• MOLM is non-toxic to rabbits at least at the 20%
diet inclusion level.
• It has the potential to reduce cholesterol level
in blood and the meat of rabbits.
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) has the potential to produce leaner
carcass due to reduced fat deposition in the muscles of rabbits.
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM)could be used to replace soyabean
meal (SBM) partially or completely in rabbit diets as a non-conventional
Mulberry fodder in rabbit
The high levels of nurtriants intake and digestibility confirm
the high nutritive value of mulberry eaves and their potential as
a forage that can support rabbit production. With comparable DM
intake, digestibility and weight gain as in all-concentrate ration
achieved with up to 50% substitution of concentrate in rations,
rapid growth rate of rabbits can be achieved at less cost. Where
marketing opportunities does not necessitate rapid weight gains,
producers may chose to substitute more concentrate or even feed
mulberry leaves as a sole diet to achieve satisfactory gains at
even lower costs.