Moringa leaves are readily eaten by cattle, sheep,
goats, pigs and rabbits. Branches are occasionally lopped for feeding
cattle. The residents cut back the main stem to encourage side shoots
which they use for livestock feeding. Leaves can also be used for
BIOMASA conducted extensive trials using
Moringa leaves as cattle feed (beef and milk cows), swine
feed, and poultry feed.
With moringa leaves constituting 50% of
feed, milk yields for dairy cows and daily weight gains
for beef cattle increased 30%. Birth weight, averaging 22
kg for local Jersey cattle, increased by 3-5 kg.
The high protein content of Moringa leaves must
be balanced with other energy food. Cattle feed consisting of 50%
Moringa leaves should be mixed with molasses, sugar cane, sweet
(young) sorghum plants, or whatever else is locally available.
Care must be taken to avoid excessive protein intake.
Too much protein in pig feed will increase muscle development at
the expense of fat production. In cattle feed, too much protein
can be fatal (from alteration of the nitrogen cycle).
Cattle were fed 15-17 kg of Moringa daily. Milking
should be done at least three hours after feeding to avoid the grassy
taste of Moringa in the milk.
With Moringa feed, milk production was 10 liters/day.
Without Moringa feed, milk production was 7 liters/day.
With moringa feed, daily weight gain of beef cattle
was 1,200 grams/day.
Without Moringa feed, daily weight gain of beef cattle was 900 grams/day.
The higher birth weight (3-5 kg) can be problematic
for small cattle. It may be advisable to induce birth 10 days prematurely
to avoid problems. Incidence of twin births also increased dramatically
with moringa feed: 3 per 20 births as opposed to the usual average
Information sourced from www.nairaland.com
In addition Mulberry trees that can be grown under
varied climatic condition, including fallow and wastelands not fit
for agriculture can be used, totally or partly, for producing nutritious
green fodder. Feeding mulberry as part of the daily ration of cows,
improved the quality and quantity of milk and reduced calving intervals.
Fattening pigs on 50% Moringa stems and
leaves, 10% Leucaena, 38% maize and 2% nutrient salts will
lead to good growth rates and significant cost savings
Mulberry leaves and fruit can also be added
to the pig diet by as much as 24% resulting in additional
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) could be used to improve
daily weight gain, and dry matter (DM) and crude protein
(CP) digestibility of rabbits.
• Producing similar economic benefits as soya bean
meal (SBM) diet.
• MOLM is non-toxic to rabbits at least at the 20%
diet inclusion level.
• It has the potential to reduce cholesterol level
in blood and the meat of rabbits.
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) has the potential to produce leaner
carcass due to reduced fat deposition in the muscles of rabbits.
• Moringa leaf meal (MOLM)could be used to replace soyabean
meal (SBM) partially or completely in rabbit diets as a non-conventional
Mulberry fodder in rabbit production:
The high levels of nurtriants intake and digestibility
confirm the high nutritive value of mulberry eaves and their potential
as a forage that can support rabbit production. With comparable
DM intake, digestibility and weight gain as in all-concentrate ration
achieved with up to 50% substitution of concentrate in rations,
rapid growth rate of rabbits can be achieved at less cost. Where
marketing opportunities does not necessitate rapid weight gains,
producers may chose to substitute more concentrate or even feed
mulberry leaves as a sole diet to achieve satisfactory gains at
even lower costs.