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AIDS in Tanzania
Information sourced from wikipedia.org
Tanzania faces a mature, generalized HIV epidemic.
Among the 1.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS, 70.5 percent
are 25 to 49 years old, and 15 percent are 15-24 years. In young
women ages 15 to 24, there is an HIV prevalence rate of 3.8 percent,
which is significantly higher than the 2.8 percent prevalence rate
among young men in the same age group. Other populations at high
risk for HIV infection include people in prostitution, miners, police
officers, prisoners, people in the transport sector, and the military.
Like other countries in East Africa, the epidemic in Tanzania has
remained stable in recent years, but there has been a recent increase
in HIV prevalence among older age groups, with the HIV prevalence
rate among women ages 30 to 34 reaching 13 percent. Injecting drug
use is also increasing, highlighting the need for improving prevention
efforts and expanding access to treatment and care.
The greatest challenge facing the health sector
is inadequate human resources to deliver quality health services
to the Tanzanian population. Since the 1990s, structural adjustment
policies and HIV/AIDS have greatly reduced the health-sector workforce.
A second challenge is poverty, important because the cost of drugs
and health services has constituted a financial barrier to access.
Tanzania has formulated its second “Poverty Reduction Strategy”
paper to reinforce its commitment to overcoming poverty. Tanzania
also continues to struggle with the issue of corruption, with the
health care sector being ranked as the second most corrupt sector
in the country by the country’s Economic and Social Research
Foundation. Due in part to the vast size of the country, health
services do not currently meet acceptable quality standards, and
access to voluntary counseling and testing services varies greatly.
Overall, while services may be available, the human and physical
infrastructure is in need of improvement to allow for better quality