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Caribbean Disaster Mitigation and Community Empowerment Initiative UNITED CARIBBEAN TRUST-Caribbean Mitigation


Planning and execution of activities to avoid or reduce hazard impacts can help us decide how to react in the event of an emergency.

Before the Emergency


Community meetingsPrevention is the application of measures which allows the community to avoid an event that may cause an emergency which will impacts on its wellness.

Mitigation is the application of measures to reduce the effects that would be caused by the occurrence of an event.

Identification and location of dangerous areas.

Relocation of People outside of danger zones

Reinforcement of structures in homes and buildings in bad condition in order to resist or reshape the impact of an event.

Information and Community Education to promote awareness of the hazards to a community and ways to avoid or reduce them.

Protection and reforestation of water-shed to avoid erosion, floods, avalanche or mudslide; this helps to protect the source of potable water and other natural resources.

Support surveillance measures and public health controls.


In this phase, response actions to an emergency we cannot avoid, are planned and organized, and mitigation measures reinforced. These actions include:
• Inventory and Location of the most important human and materials resources in the individual communities;
• Clearly defined functions of the community members and the roles they will assume in the moment of emergency;
• Determine meeting points and temporary shelters for emergency cases;
• Design an evacuation plan for the population towards safer zones, highlighting access routes;
• Training teams to assist relief organizations during the emergency;
• Establish a community communications and information system;
• Inform the population about the measures that have to be followed in the event of an emergency and disseminate the emergency plan.
• Define the types of alarms to educate and alert the community to their use.



'Extracts from Community Emergency Plan' CDERA

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