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Dontho la Chiyembekezo - Mawu Oyamba Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe(ZMZ)

Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) - Mawu Otsogolera

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DAWUNILODI: Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) - Mawu Otsogolera

Optional: Download English BioSand Filter PowerPoint - Introduction

Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ)

Mawu Otsogolera

Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) idapangidwa mu 1990s ndi Dr. David Manz ku yunivesite ya Calgary ndikuyika mophweka; ZMZ ndi fyuluta yamadzi am'nyumba yomwe imapangitsa madzi akuda kukhala abwino kumwa.

Zosefera zamtunduwu zimatengera zosefera zapamchenga zochedwa, zomwe zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito poyeretsa madzi ammudzi kwa zaka pafupifupi 200.
ZMZ ndi yaying'ono ndipo imasinthidwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pakanthawi kochepa, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale yoyenera m'mabanja, nthawi zambiri pafupifupi anthu asanu. Thupi la fyuluta, kapena kunja kwa fyuluta (yomwe imadziwikanso kuti chidebe chosefera), nthawi zambiri imapangidwa ndi konkire.

Posachedwapa OHorizons Charitable Solutions yapanga nkhungu yamatabwa ndipo tikhala tikuyang'ana pa chitsanzo ichi.

Download The OHorizons Wood Mold for Concrete BioSand Filters English Instruction Manual (To be translated into Chichewa)

Mosasamala kanthu za mtundu wa fyuluta, ZMZ imadzazidwa ndi mchenga ndi miyala yokonzedwa bwino.

ZMZ imachotsa pafupifupi dothi ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'madzi mpaka 99%!

ZMZ ndi yankho lotsika kwambiri loyeretsa madzi akumwa ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera padziko lonse lapansi.

M'mayiko omwe anthu alibe madzi oyenda m'nyumba zawo ndipo amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito dziwe kapena madzi oima, Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe ndi luso lamakono lopatsa anthu madzi oyera, otetezeka omwe samawadwalitsa.

Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe ndi mchenga mu fyuluta kumathandiza kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amene amadwalitsa anthu.

 


 
 
Kuyambira 2008 United Caribbean Trust yagwira ntchito ndi mabungwe ngati 'Madzi Oyera a Haiti' kuyambitsa dongosolo Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe ku Haiti. Izi zili choncho chifukwa ife, monga mabungwe ena apadziko lonse lapansi monga Ohorizons, timawona kuti ndiyosavuta kupeza, yotsika mtengo (yosakwana US $ 100), yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, yosavuta kuyisamalira, komanso yokhazikika.

Pogwiritsa ntchito mchenga, miyala ndi njira zachilengedwe zachilengedwe, ZMZ imasefa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda popanda magetsi kapena magawo ovuta. Itha kupangidwa ndi 100% zopezeka kwanuko ndipo zimafuna kusamalidwa pang'ono pakapita nthawi. Ngati itagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera, ZMZ imatha kupatsa banja madzi oyera moyo wonse.

Mwachikhalidwe, konkriti ZMZ idaponyedwa mu nkhungu yachitsulo. Zikhunguzi sizokwera mtengo komanso zolemetsa, koma zimafuna wowotcherera waluso komanso mwayi wopeza akatswirizida ndi magetsi. Izi zimachepetsa kukula ndi kugawa kwa ma ZMZ , makamaka kumadera akumidzi.

OHorizons yatenga kupezeka kwa ZMZ patsogolo popanga 'Nkhungu Yamatabwa' yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga konkriti BSF. Ndi yolimba (mozungulira 50-60 zosefera zopangidwa pa nkhungu), yotsika mtengo (pafupifupi $50-$80 pa nkhungu), yopepuka (pafupifupi 60lbs), imagwiritsa ntchito 100% zosefera komweko, ndizosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, ndipo zimatha kupangidwa kuchokera pagululi 'Nkhungu Yamatabwa' ya Ohorizon ikhoza kupangidwa ndi aliyese, ngakhale alibe luso la zomangamanga, pogwiritsa ntchito zida zosavuta zokha chifukwa Cha buku la Ohorizon lojambula kwambiri la zomangamanga tingathe kupatsa mphamvu anthu kuti apeze madzi oyera Ku Africa, Haiti ndi South America

DAWUNILODI: 'Letsani Tizilombo Pezani Madzi Abwino' poster to assist with the teaching.

DAWUNILODI: 'Letsani Tizilombo Pezani Madzi Abwino' Chichewa Educational Handout for the parents or guardian.

Letsani Tizilombo Pezani Madzi Abwino

Uthenga wofunikira: Mutha kukhala ndi madzi abwino ngati simukuteteza gwero la madzi, kuyeretsa madzi anu ndikusunga madzi oyeretsedwa bwino.

Mafunso Otheka:

Ngati positi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mawu oyamba:

•  Mukuwona chiyani patsamba lino?

•  Kodi mukuganiza kuti izi zithandiza bwanji banja lanu kukhala lathanzi?

Ngati positi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ndemanga:

•  Kodi mungapeze bwanji madzi abwino?

Zamkatimu:

Kumwa madzi abwino kumathandizira kuletsa kusamutsa kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikuteteza inu ndi banja lanu kuti musadwale.

Choyamba, muyenera Kuteteza Madzi Anu. Madzi a mvula ayenera kusungidwa mu chidebe chotsekedwa ndi chivindikiro kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tisalowe. Zitsime ziyenera kuphimbidwa, ndi ngalande yopatutsira madzi oipa, kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tisalowemo. Magwero a madzi a pamwamba monga maiwe ayenera kutchingidwa ndi mpanda kuti nyama zisalowe. Zitsime ziyenera kutetezedwa ndi kasupe kapena bokosi lamadzi.

Chachiwiri, mutha Kutsuka Madzi Anu m'nyumba kuti madziwo akhale abwino kwa banja. Kuyeretsa madzi kumaphatikizapo njira zitatu: sedimentation, filtration, ndi disinfection. Pali njira zambiri zabwino zopangira madzi anu. Tikambirana zambiri zoyeretsera madzi m'nyumba muzithunzi zotsatirazi.

Kuteteza Madzi Anu Omwe Agwiritsidwa Ntchito gwiritsani ntchito chidebe chosungira chomwe chili ndi chivindikiro. Chidebe chosungira bwino chimakhala ndi pompopi kapena chotsegula chopapatiza kuti chithire madzi. Musasunge madzi anu m'mitsuko yosatsegula. Madzi osungidwa amaipitsidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ngati mugwiritsa ntchito kapu kapena dipper potulutsa madziwo. Phunzitsani ana kuthira madzi pamene akufuna kumwa kapena kugwiritsa ntchito chotengera chosungiramo ndi mpope.

Fufuzani Kumvetsetsa:

Ngati positi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mawu oyamba:

•  Kodi njira zina zopezera madzi abwino ndi ziti?

Ngati positi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ndemanga:

•  Kodi timateteza bwanji gwero lathu la madzi?

•  Kodi ndikofunikira kuthira madzi athu tisanamwe?

•  Kodi zina mwa zitsanzo za njira zoyeretsera madzi ndi ziti?

•  Ndi zotengera zamtundu wanji zomwe zingasunge madzi athu oyeretsedwa kukhala abwino?

Zomwe zachokera CAWST.org

Sefani Madzi anu ndi Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ)

DAWUNILODI: 'Sefani Madzi anu ndi Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ)' Chichewa poster to assist with the teaching.

DAWUNILODI: Weekly Chichewa Educational Handouts will be given to the children to take home to thier parents.

Compliments of CAWST resources

Sefani Madzi anu ndi Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ)

Uthenga Wofunika: Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) zimatha kupereka madzi abwino.

Mafunso Otheka:

•  Kodi mudawonapo kapena kugwiritsa ntchito fyuluta ya Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe?

•  Kodi sefa ya Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Zamkatimu:

Chosefera cha Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) chimatha kuchotsa tizilombo tambirimbiri ndi zinyalala m'madzi oyambira. Bokosi losefera limapangidwa ndi konkriti kapena pulasitiki. Mkati mwa fyulutayo muli mchenga ndi miyala (pamwamba mpaka pansi). Diffuser mbale imathandizira kuchepetsa madzi.

Pamwamba pa mchenga pali biolayer. Madziwo amadutsa pang'onopang'ono mu biolayer, mchenga ndi miyala. Zigawozi zimachotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Madzi osefa amatuluka mu chubu. Ikani chidebe chosungira pamwamba pa chipika kapena kuyimirira kuti kutsegula kukhale pansi pa spout. Ngati gwero la madzi ndi lakuda, gwiritsani ntchito njira yothira matope musanawathire mu fyuluta.

Ubwino:

•  Amachotsa ma microbes

•  Ambiri Amachotsa zinyalala

•  Palibe mtengo wopitilira

•  Zopangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zakumaloko

•  Madzi osefedwa amakoma

Zoyipa:

•  Zolemera siziyenera kusuntha pambuyo poika

•  Angafunike kugwetsa madzi musanagwiritse ntchito fyuluta

•  Sitingathe kuchotsa mitundu yonse

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito fyuluta :

•  Ikani chidebe chosungiramo choyera pansi pa chopopera chosefera, pafupi ndi spout momwe mungathere

•  Chotsani chivindikiro pa fyuluta

•  Onetsetsani kuti mbale ya diffuser ili pamalo - musathire madzi mwachindunji pamchenga

•  Pang'onopang'ono kuthira madzi osayeretsedwa mu fyuluta yodzaza

•  Bwezeraninso chivindikiro

•  Lolani madzi kukhetsa mu fyuluta kwathunthu

Tikufunikabe kupha tizilombo tomwe timathira madzi.

Nawa ma Dos ndi Donts mukamagwiritsa ntchito fyuluta ya Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) .

Chitani:

•  Gwiritsani ntchito fyuluta yanu tsiku ndi tsiku

•  Tetezani zosefera ku nyengo

•  Gwiritsani ntchito chivindikirocho

•  Sungani nyama kutali ndi fyuluta

Osatero:

•  Onjezani chlorine ku Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) fyuluta

•  Lumikizani potulukapo ndi mpopi kapena payipi

•  Sungani chakudya m'bokosi la fyuluta (amakopa nyerere, ntchentche, mphemvu)

•  Lolani ana kusewera ndi fyuluta

Fufuzani Kumvetsetsa:

•  Kodi sefa ya Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) imagwira ntchito bwanji?

•  Kodi zosefera mumazigwiritsa ntchito bwanji?

•  Kodi muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kangati fyuluta yanu?

•  Kodi chimachitika ndi chiyani tikasunga chakudya mu bokosi losefera?

•  Kodi zina mwazochita ndi zotani zogwiritsa ntchito fyuluta ya Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ) ?

Zomwe zachokera CAWST.org

Kabuku:

DAWUNILODI: Chikalata Chamaphunziro #1 'Zosefera Mchenga Zachilengedwe (ZMZ ) Mawu Otsogolera'

Optional: Download Handout #1: 'BioSand Filter Introduction' Educational Handout for the parents or guardian.

Optional: Download English Introduction to the BioSand Filter video

REVIEW:

DAWUNILODI: 'Mutha kuteteza dera lanu' Chichewa poster to assist with review discussion

Zomwe zachokera CAWST.org

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